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Types of cheese that you have to know, basic guide

25 mayo, 2021

The cheese It is one of the most popular and most consumed ingredients in the world, that is why we invite you to discover all the varieties there are.

Since ancient cultures began to prepare and consume this delicacy, it is not surprising that now there are different ways to classify the hundreds of types of cheese and one of them is through its paste, that is, its internal texture.

Types of cheese


Its firm consistency and intense flavor are the result of a long maturation of at least two months. They generally have a thick rind, a yellowish color, and a strong aroma. Some types of hard cheeses are:

  • Lancashire
  • Cheshire
  • Parrano
  • Smoked gouda
  • Parmesan
  • Reggianito or Argentine
  • Sardinian pecorino
  • Dutch
Dutch cheese

Hard cheeses are famous for their strong aroma and flavor, the best known are the European ones.

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Semi hard

They are made with a rapid de-draining and mechanical pressing technique, they are very good for hot and cold dishes. They are distinguished by the fact that some have a light firm crust, inside they have a soft texture and a subtle flavor, and their aroma is lighter and more discreet. Examples:

  • Gouda
  • Cheddar cheese
  • Kasseri
  • I comté
  • Appenzeller
  • Stilton
  • Tybo
  • Sardinian
  • Provolone
  • Gruyere
Manchego cheese

Semi-hard cheeses are also known as uncooked pressed pasta cheeses and go very well on a cheese board.

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Semi soft

Their main characteristic is their fusion capacity, which is why they are perfect for preparing all kinds of hot dishes such as sandwiches and pizzas. They are also known as washes because for their preparation they are washed repeatedly to eliminate lactose, their maturation gives them a smooth and creamy texture, but without losing their shape. Some are:

  • Halloumi
  • Manchego
  • Mozzarella
  • Blue cheese
  • Roquefort
  • Fribourgeois
  • Oaxaca
  • Panela

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blue cheese

In this category you mainly find the different varieties of blue cheese.


They are those in which the dough is not pressed or cooked, it has a creamy, unctuous and easy to melt texture, in general its humidity varies and its maturation time is very short or almost zero. They are ideal for all types of dishes, especially those that require a spreadable option. Examples:

  • Philadelphia
  • Rancher
  • Mascarpone
  • Port salut
  • Munster
  • Gorgonzola
  • Cambert
  • Cottage
  • Feta
  • Brie
  • Curd
cottage cheese

In addition to their soft texture, these cheese are distinguished by having a light flavor that goes well with everything.

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